IELTS| PHRASAL VERBS: HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR VOCABULARY, DEFINITION, EXAMPLES, AND IDIOMS

[Updated]

Ielts has made us to understand that the word “phrasal verbs” exist… So we are curious to know

What are Phrasal Verbs?

Phrasal verbs are words with a verb and a preposition. They are used mostly in informal situations like in spoken English or messages to friends usually by native speakers of English

A phrasal verb is different from a main verb because it has a preposition and most of them are almost like idioms as their meaning is not literal, such as turn off which means to dislike something or let go which means to forget something.

  • A verb is an action word and forms the main part of a sentence. It describes an action, state or occurrence for example to read, to run. Every sentence has to have a verb in other to have meaning
  • A preposition is a word which describes the relationship between a noun, pronoun or phrases and other words in a sentence. They are usually in front of nouns for example, the book is on the bed, the cat ran under the table
  • An object is a noun or a pronoun that is affected by a verb or a preposition for example the boy ran with the book

We now know what verbs, preposition and objects are; so let’s explore the world of phrasal verbs

PHRASAL VERBS

Some phrasal verbs don’t come with an object and so are not affected by the object. They are called Intransitive phrasal verbs

Example

Verb                +          Preposition      =          Phrasal verb

Come                            on                                  come on

Bring                           up                                   bring up

Hit                               on                                    hit on

Some phrasal verbs have verb and a preposition together and usually come with an object. They are called transitive phrasal verbs. Often times the object comes in between the verb and the preposition

Example

Verb                +          object        +     preposition      =    phrasal verb

Checked                      her                          out             separate type of phrasal verb

See                              him                           off              separate type of phrasal verb

Pick                             her                           up              separate type of phrasal verb

Drop                            Mary                      off              separate type of phrasal verb

Okay! Let’s Make a Sentence with Phrasal Verbs

  1. Dirt is a turn off for me
  2. He checked her out
  3. I admire her intelligence, it’s quite a turn on for me
  4. Put on your dress quickly
  5. I went to my children’s school to pick them up
  6. She cheats on her boyfriend
  7. Please help me carry out those books
  8. I can’t put up with her attitude anymore
  9. The educational system is coming down
  10. The economy of Nigeria is dropping low

In our Ielts class, let’s consider the Various Places in Which We Can Apply Phrasal Verbs

  1. Phrasal Verbs For School
Phrasal verbsMeaning Example
Line upTo arrangeLine up at the assembly
Read overTo read wellRead over the notes
Read aheadTo read in advanceAlways read ahead the teacher to pass your exams
Cheat withMalpracticeI was cheating with my note in the exam hall
Flying coloursBrilliantI passed my exams in flying colours
Take overTo passThe teachers want to take over the principal
Look upTo be surePlease look up the names again
Carry overTo failShe has carry over in all her courses
Roll overTo combineI will roll over your marks
Catch upTo meetI can’t catch up with lectures today

 

2. Phrasal Verbs For Love

Phrasal verbMeaning Example
Make upTo kiss passionatelyI want John to make up with his wife
Break upTo separateI want Mary to break up with her cheating boyfriend
Doting onTo LoveJohn is doting on Mary
Turn offTo dislikeFat girls are a turn off for me
Turn onTo likeLadies on glasses turn me on
Cheat onTo deceiveMost husbands cheat on their wives
Stood upTo keep waitingMy boyfriend stood me up at the restaurant   
Go outTo dateAre those two going out
Hit onTo attractJohn hit on Sandra
Stand upTo standCan someone stand up for me?

3. Phrasal Verbs For Travel

Phrasal verbMeaningExample
Pick upTo gatherPick up my luggage
Flag downTo stopPlease, can you help me flag down the bus
See offGoodbyeLet me see her off
Drop offTo take someone to a placePlease drop me off
Slow downTo take it easyThere is a sign post, please slow down
Hurry upQuickHurry up and catch the bus
Take offTo moveThe airplane will soon take off
Take overTo passTake over that vehicle
Get inArriveThe plane gets in at 8pm
Check inTo registerLet me check in before its 9pm

 

4. Phrasal Verbs For Clothes

Phrasal verb Meaning Example
Dress upTo wearDress up lets go
Make upTo look goodLet me wear some make up  
Zip upTo closeZip up your trouser
Try onTo tasteTry this clothe on
Pack upTo gatherPack up your hair with this rubber band
Button upTo closeButton up your jacket
Put onTo wearPut on your glasses
Clean upTo removeClean up your face
Brush upTo cleanBrush up your jacket
Have onTo wearWhat does she have on

 

These are the commonly used phrasal verbs

IELTS| PHRASAL VERBS: HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR VOCABULARY, DEFINITION, EXAMPLES, AND IDIOMS

 

Exercise

Now let’s practice this

Identify the phrasal verbs in these sentences

  1. I need to brush up my jacket
  2. Can you catch up soon?
  3. I need to read over yesterday’s notes
  4. I always forget to lock up the office after work
  5. Make sure you wake up early tomorrow
  6. Please sit down let me see the board
  7. Just do some patch up on the dress
  8. What kind of trousers do you have on
  9. I feel like throwing up after eating beans
  10. Please can you pick me up today after work

Answer

  1. I need to brush up my jacket
  2. Can you catch up with me soon?
  3. I need to read over yesterday’s notes
  4. I always forget to lock up the office after work
  5. Make sure you wake up early tomorrow
  6. Please sit down let me see the board
  7. Just do some patch up on the dress
  8. What kind of trousers do you have on
  9. I feel like throwing up after eating beans
  10. Please can you pick me up today after work

Okay! Do this yourself

Make a sentence with each of the phrasal verbs

  1. Make up
  2. Pull over
  3. Catch up
  4. Brush up
  5. Push down
  6. Roll up
  7. Dress up
  8. Sit up
  9. Read through
  10. Pull through

Answers

  1. I need to wear some make up
  2. Let’s see if we can pull over the curtains
  3. We need to catch up with lectures today
  4. Please make sure you brush up in your studies this time
  5. Push down those things
  6. When you wake up, make sure you always roll up your mattress
  7. Dress up lets go out
  8. Your marks are low, please sit up next time
  9. Read through the book and check for mistakes
  10. I hope this pulls through

Now let’s try something new

Match the following phrasal verbs with their correct synonyms

  1. Hurry up             to disorganize/spoil
  2. Dress up              to deceive
  3. Turn off                quick
  4. Cheat on               to wear
  5. Mess up                 to dislike

Answer

  1. Hurry up                   quick
  2. Dress up                    to wear
  3. Turn off                     to dislike
  4. Cheat on                    to deceive
  5. Mess up              to disorganize/spoil

 

Are Idioms Phrasal Verbs?

Idioms are phrases or sentences whose meanings cannot be deduced when separated from their individual words

Example

Idioms                                                             meanings

To kick the bucket                                          to die

To be in cloud nine                                        to be extremely happy

Let the cat out of the bag                              to tell the secret

Cry over spilt milk                                          to take little things serious

To rain cats and dogs                                     to rain heavily

To sleep like a log of wood                            to over sleep

To go banana                                                   to go crazy

See more post on idioms here

Now let’s have some for fun! Do you think you can do it? Let’s try this

Match the Phrasal Verbs with Its Synonyms

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You can ask your questions, i will attend to them

 

Are Idioms Phrasal Verbs?

Idioms are phrases or sentences whose meanings cannot be deduced when separated from their individual words

Example

Idioms                                                             meanings

To kick the bucket                                          to die

To be in cloud nine                                        to be extremely happy

Let the cat out of the bag                              to tell the secret

Cry over spilt milk                                          to take little things serious

To rain cats and dogs                                     to rain heavily

To sleep like a log of wood                            to over sleep

To go banana                                                   to go crazy

 

Now let’s have some for fun! Do you think you can do it? Let’s try this

Match the Phrasal Verbs with Its Synonyms

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