IELTS| Pronouns: Types, Why we use it and how we use it

 

IELTS/ Pronous
IELTS| Pronouns: Types, Why we use it and how we use it

Our lesson today is focused on the word pronouns. This is a word we all learnt in our primary schools and are also learning in IELTS. In English, pronoun is very important and before you can understand this word, you need to know and understand the word Noun… In fact, marry the word Noun. But one might ask…

WHAT IS PRONOUN?

There are many definitions of pronoun depending on our ability to comprehend. However, I will like to share my own understand of what a Pronoun is.

A Pronoun is a word that is used in place or instead of a noun

What do we mean? You use a pronoun to avoid repetition of a noun or to avoid using a noun repeatedly in a sentence.

For example

Francis stayed at home today because Francis didn’t want to go out

In the above sentence, Francis is a noun and to avoid repeating the use of Francis, you replace it with a pronoun “he”… like this!

Francis stayed at home today because he didn’t want to go out

Jane went to buy drugs for Jane’s mother

Jane went to buy drugs for her mother

We have different Types of Pronouns in IELTS English

  1. Personal pronoun
  2. Possessive pronoun
  3. Interrogative pronoun
  4. Reflexive pronoun
  5. Emphatic pronoun
  6. Relative pronoun
  7. Indefinite pronoun
  8. Demonstrative pronoun
  9. Distributive pronoun

Personal pronoun

The personal pronoun stands for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd persons speaking. They are 1, you, we, it, she, he

These three persons have their singular and plurals

1st person

Singular- I, mine, my, me

Plural – we ours, our, us

2nd person

Singular/ plural- You, Your, Yours

3rd person

Singular- He, His, Him, She, He, It, Its

Example

1. This is my shoe

       This is my shoe

2. You are eating

       You are eating

3. He is very sick

       He is very sick

4. She is coming here

      She is coming here

Now let’s take them one after the other

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns show what belongs to you or the possession of something. It shows what you own.

In possessive pronouns we have the subject pronouns, object pronouns and the possessive pronouns

Subject pronoun       object pronoun        possessive pronoun

They                           them                               their

It                                 it                                    its

I                                  me                                  my

You                            you                                 your

She                              her                                 her

 

Example

Now let’s practice the types of pronouns

Identify the subject pronouns in the sentences below

  1. My name is John, I love to eat food
  2. She ate the food without me
  3. He offended me but I forgave him
  4. I carried him when he was born
  5. I fed her when she was hungry
  6. It bit my hand

Identify the object pronouns in the sentences below

  1. My name is John, I love to eat food
  2. She ate the food without me
  3. He offended me but I forgave him
  4. I carried him when he was born
  5. I fed her when she was hungry
  6. It bit my hand

Identify the possessive pronouns in the sentences below

Example

1. That is my pen

        That is my pen

2. This bag is yours

       This bag is yours

3. The shoe is mine

      The shoe is mine

4. This house is ours

       This house is ours

5. This orange is hers

       This orange is hers

Interrogative pronouns

The interrogative pronouns are pronouns used when we want to ask questions. They are what, which, who, whom, whose etc

Example

1.What are you doing there?

       What are you doing there?

2. Who gave you that bag?

       Who gave you that bag?

3. Which house is yours?

       Which house is yours?

4. Whose books are you with?

       Whose books are you with?

5. Whom did you ask?

        Whom did you ask?

Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns show the action done by the subject which is also on the subject itself. It is a pronoun that also reflects back to the subject. It makes use of the words myself, himself, themselves, herself. They are himself, themselves, ourselves, myself, herself, yourself, yourselves etc.

Example

1.He went himself

      He went himself

2. I saw myself in the mirror

     I saw myself in the mirror

3. They love themselves

     They love themselves

4. She hurt herself

      She hurt herself

5. We love ourselves

     We love ourselves

Emphatic pronouns

Emphatic pronouns are used to lay emphasis on the subject of a sentence. They are herself, themselves, himself, ourselves, itself

Example

1.She came here herself

       She came here herself

2. He locked the gate himself

       He locked the gate himself

3. They prayed themselves

      They prayed themselves

4. We sewed the clothes ourselves

       We sewed the clothes ourselves

5. The plate broke by itself

      The plate broke itself

Relative pronouns

Relative pronouns give more information about the noun/ refer to nouns previously mentioned. These nouns can be places, animals, people or things. And can also be used to join two sentences. They are who, whom, whose, whomever, that, whatever, where, whichever etc

Example

1.This is the man who l love

      This is the man who I love

2. This is the place where we worship

     This is the place where we worship

3. That is the woman whom I was referring to

     That is the woman whom I was referring to

4. America is a country that I will like to visit

      America is a country that I will like to visit

5. I will eat whatever I choose

       I will eat whatever I choose

Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are pronouns that do not refer to anybody or anything in particular. It is used to generalize things or persons in an unspecified way. They are nobody, everybody, someone, somebody, all, anything, anywhere, somewhere, everywhere, nowhere etc.

Example

1.If you like shout, nobody will hear you

       If you like shout, nobody will hear you

2. I can beat all these boys

       I can beat all these boys

3. My mother saw everybody in the meeting

       My mother saw everybody in the meeting

4. You can eat anything you want

        You can eat anything you want

5. I don’t think someone saw me there

        I don’t think someone saw me there

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that show the objects we tend to understand its specific distance or the object we try to describe. They are that, those, these, this etc

Example

Object      Singular     Plural

Far             that            those

Near           this             these

Distributive pronoun

Distributive pronouns are pronouns that refer to a person or things one after the other or one at a time

They are usually singular. They are either, neither, each, none etc

Example

1. Neither of the books is mine

         Neither of the books is mine

2. Its either you eat cake or bread

        Its either you eat cake or bread

3. I will give each of you a chance to do the assignment

        I will give each of you a chance to do the assignment

4. None of you will go with me

      None of you will go with me

5. Neither of you won the prize

      Neither of you won the prize

Okay! I trust we have understood it all.  Easy, right?… Yeahh!!!

Now let’s do some practice

Identify the different types of pronouns in the following sentences

1. You all can go

       Indefinite pronoun

2. Either of you will win

      Distributive pronoun

3. Everybody was present in the meeting

      Indefinite pronoun

4. She came to the room herself

         Emphatic pronoun

5. None of the boys did the assignment

       Distributive pronoun

6. This is my beloved in whom I am well pleased

      Relative pronoun

7. Who showed you the way to my house?

       Interrogative pronoun

8. Take whatever you like and eat

       Relative pronoun

9. She took me there herself

      Emphatic pronoun

10. My mother came herself

      Reflexive pronoun

Note:  These are the forms of personal pronouns

PersonSubject pronounObject pronounPossessive determinerPossessive pronounReflexive pronoun
First person

Singular

IMeMyMineMyself
Second person

Singular

YouYouYourYoursYourself
Third person

Singular

She/it/heShe/it/himHer/its/hisHers/its/hisHerself/itself/himself
First person

Plural

WeUsOurOursOurselves
Second person

Plural

YouYouYourYoursYourselves
Third person

Plural

TheyThemTheirTheirsThemselves

Now I will give you what to do… how well can you do?

Let’s try this!

Identify the nouns and change them to the correct pronouns

1.Paul didn’t go to church, Paul went to play football

       Paul didn’t go to church, he went to play football

2. John loves Sandra, John Loves Sandra very well

       John loves Sandra, he loves her very well

3. Ruth wanted to go to school but Ruth changed Ruth’s mind

       Ruth wanted to go to school but she changed her mind

4. Peter was planning to travel to London but Peter is not going to London again

       Peter was planing to travel to London but he is not going there again

5. My brother gave my mother a pen and took the pen back from my mother

       My brother gave my mother a pen and took it back from her

 

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