IELTS| Pronouns: Types, Why we use it and how we use it

 

IELTS/ Pronous
IELTS| Pronouns: Types, Why we use it and how we use it

Our lesson today is focused on the word pronouns. This is a word we all learnt in our primary schools and are also learning in IELTS. In English, pronoun is very important and before you can understand this word, you need to know and understand the word Noun… In fact, marry the word Noun. But one might ask…

WHAT IS PRONOUN?

There are many definitions of pronoun depending on our ability to comprehend. However, I will like to share my own understand of what a Pronoun is.

A Pronoun is a word that is used in place or instead of a noun

What do we mean? You use a pronoun to avoid repetition of a noun or to avoid using a noun repeatedly in a sentence.

For example

Francis stayed at home today because Francis didn’t want to go out

In the above sentence, Francis is a noun and to avoid repeating the use of Francis, you replace it with a pronoun “he”… like this!

Francis stayed at home today because he didn’t want to go out

Jane went to buy drugs for Jane’s mother

Jane went to buy drugs for her mother

We have different TypesofPronouns in IELTS English

  1. Personal pronoun
  2. Possessive pronoun
  3. Interrogative pronoun
  4. Reflexive pronoun
  5. Emphatic pronoun
  6. Relative pronoun
  7. Indefinite pronoun
  8. Demonstrative pronoun
  9. Distributive pronoun

Personal pronoun

The personal pronoun stands for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd persons speaking. They are 1, you, we, it, she, he

These three persons have their singular and plurals

1st person

Singular- I, mine, my, me

Plural – we ours, our, us

2nd person

Singular/ plural- You, Your, Yours

3rdperson

Singular- He, His, Him, She, He, It, Its

Example

1. This is my shoe

This is my shoe

2. You are eating

Youareeating

3. He is very sick

He is very sick

4. She is coming here

She is coming here

Now let’s take them one after the other

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns show what belongs to you or the possession of something. It shows what you own.

In possessive pronouns we have the subject pronouns, object pronouns and the possessive pronouns

Subject pronoun object pronoun possessive pronoun

They them their

It it its

I me my

You you your

She her her

 

Example

Now let’s practice the types of pronouns

Identify the subject pronouns in the sentences below

  1. My name is John, I love to eat food
  2. She ate the food without me
  3. He offended me but I forgave him
  4. I carried him when he was born
  5. I fed her when she was hungry
  6. It bit my hand

Identify the objectpronouns in the sentences below

  1. My name is John, I love to eat food
  2. She ate the food without me
  3. He offended me but I forgave him
  4. I carried him when he was born
  5. I fed her when she was hungry
  6. It bit my hand

Identify the possessive pronouns in the sentences below

Example

1. That is my pen

That is my pen

2. This bag is yours

This bag is yours

3. The shoe is mine

The shoe is mine

4. This house is ours

This house is ours

5. This orange is hers

This orange is hers

Interrogative pronouns

The interrogative pronouns are pronouns used when we want to ask questions. They are what, which, who, whom, whose etc

Example

1.What are you doing there?

What are you doing there?

2. Who gave you that bag?

Who gave you that bag?

3. Which house is yours?

Which house is yours?

4. Whose books are you with?

Whose books are you with?

5. Whom did you ask?

Whom did you ask?

Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns show the action done by the subject which is also on the subject itself. It is a pronoun that also reflects back to the subject. It makes use of the words myself, himself, themselves, herself. They are himself, themselves, ourselves, myself, herself, yourself, yourselves etc.

Example

1.He went himself

He went himself

2. I saw myself in the mirror

I saw myself in the mirror

3. They love themselves

They love themselves

4. She hurt herself

She hurt herself

5. We love ourselves

We love ourselves

Emphatic pronouns

Emphatic pronouns are used to lay emphasis on the subject of a sentence. They are herself, themselves, himself, ourselves, itself

Example

1.She came here herself

She came here herself

2. He locked the gate himself

He locked the gate himself

3. They prayed themselves

They prayed themselves

4. We sewed the clothes ourselves

We sewed the clothes ourselves

5. The plate broke by itself

The plate broke itself

Relative pronouns

Relative pronouns give more information about the noun/ refer to nouns previously mentioned. These nouns can be places, animals, people or things. And can also be used to join two sentences. They are who, whom, whose, whomever, that, whatever, where, whichever etc

Example

1.This is the man who l love

This is the man who I love

2. This is the place where we worship

This is the place where we worship

3. That is the woman whom I was referring to

That is the woman whom I was referring to

4. America is a country that I will like to visit

America is a country that I will like to visit

5. I will eat whatever I choose

I will eat whatever I choose

Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are pronouns that do not refer to anybody or anything in particular. It is used to generalize things or persons in an unspecified way. They are nobody, everybody, someone, somebody, all, anything, anywhere, somewhere, everywhere, nowhere etc.

Example

1.If you like shout, nobody will hear you

If you like shout, nobody will hear you

2. I can beat all these boys

I can beat all these boys

3. My mother saw everybody in the meeting

My mother saw everybody in the meeting

4. You can eat anything you want

You can eat anything you want

5. I don’t think someone saw me there

I don’t think someone saw me there

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that show the objects we tend to understand its specific distance or the object we try to describe. They are that, those, these, this etc

Example

Object Singular Plural

Far that those

Near this these

Distributive pronoun

Distributive pronouns are pronouns that refer to a person or things one after the other or one at a time

They are usually singular. They are either, neither, each, none etc

Example

1. Neither of the books is mine

Neither of the books is mine

2. Its either you eat cake or bread

Its either you eat cake or bread

3. I will give each of you a chance to do the assignment

I will give each of you a chance to do the assignment

4. None of you will go with me

None of you will go with me

5. Neither of you won the prize

Neither of you won the prize

Okay! I trust we have understood it all. Easy, right?… Yeahh!!!

Now let’s do some practice

Identify the different types of pronouns in the following sentences

1. You all can go

Indefinite pronoun

2. Either of you will win

Distributive pronoun

3. Everybody was present in the meeting

Indefinite pronoun

4. She came to the room herself

Emphatic pronoun

5. None of the boys did the assignment

Distributive pronoun

6. This is my beloved in whom I am well pleased

Relative pronoun

7. Who showed you the way to my house?

Interrogative pronoun

8. Take whatever you like and eat

Relative pronoun

9. She took me there herself

Emphatic pronoun

10. My mother came herself

Reflexive pronoun

Note: These are the forms of personal pronouns

PersonSubject pronounObject pronounPossessive determinerPossessive pronounReflexive pronoun
First person

Singular

IMeMyMineMyself
Second person

Singular

YouYouYourYoursYourself
Third person

Singular

She/it/heShe/it/himHer/its/hisHers/its/hisHerself/itself/himself
First person

Plural

WeUsOurOursOurselves
Second person

Plural

YouYouYourYoursYourselves
Third person

Plural

TheyThemTheirTheirsThemselves

Now I will give you what to do… how well can you do?

Let’s try this!

Identify the nouns and change them to the correct pronouns

1.Paul didn’t go to church, Paul went to play football

Paul didn’t go to church, he went to play football

2. John loves Sandra, John Loves Sandra very well

John loves Sandra, he loves her very well

3. Ruth wanted to go to school but Ruth changed Ruth’s mind

Ruth wanted to go to school but she changed her mind

4. Peter was planning to travel to London but Peter is not going to London again

Peter was planing to travel to London but he is not going there again

5. My brother gave my mother a pen and took the pen back from my mother

My brother gave my mother a pen and took it back from her

 

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