IELTS| Subject- Verbs: Understand Your Singular and Plural Subjects and Verbs to Improve Your Vocabulary

 

IELTS| Subject- Verb: Understand Your Singular and Plural Subjects and Verbs to Improve Your Vocabulary

Subject-verb… What is subject-verb. Before we get to this question, i know we have all understood what verbs and noun is.

Hello friends! Welcome to my blog once again. It’s my pleasure to share my little knowledge with you for your reading pleasure…it promises to be entertaining, educative and inspiring. Just sit, relax and enjoy!

 

Today, we will talk about subject- verb agreement. Does that sound easy…Lol, well let’s try

Before we start, I know we all know and have heard a lot about subject and verbs and we also know what it means to be in agreement with something…. when two things agree with each other, When the can exist or walk together. That’s what we are going to talk about now.  HAPPY READING!

WHAT IS SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT?

A subject-verb agreement states that the subject and the verb must agree with each other. They must agree to exist together, they must get along with each other and most importantly, they must complement each other.

A verb must agree with its subject in number and person

This means that if the subject is singular, then the verb has to be singular. If the subject is plural, then the verb also has to be plural.

Now, We Are Going To Start With Nouns as Subjects and the Verb Agreeing In Number

Note: Singular verbs always have “s” at the end and mean just one– Sings, beats, barks, falls, blooms, eats etc.

Example

  • Singular noun/subject   
  • Singular verb (just one)
  1. The tree falls
  2. The flower blooms

Plural verbs don’t have “s” at the end and means more than one– eat, look, beat sing, drink

A plural noun has an “s” so it doesn’t need its companion to have another “s”

  • Plural noun/subject
  • Plural verb (more than one)

Example

  1. They dogs beat her
  2. Stars shine in the day

When your subject is plural, you don’t need to add “s” to your verbs

The verb agreeing with the subject in person

We have the first person, second person and third person

First person           second person           third person

I speak                     you speak                    he/she speaks

We eat                     you eat                        they eat

“The verb is plural if two or more singular subjects are joined by ‘and’”

Example

  • Singular subjects
  • Plural verb
  1. Peter and Paul are singing
  2. Cynthia and Margaret travel a lot

“The verb is singular if two singular subjects, separated by ‘and’, refer to the same person or thing”

Example

  • Singular subject
  • Singular verb
  1. My wife and confidant travels to London
  2. My teacher and guardian takes care of everyone

“The verb agrees with the first noun or pronoun when the subject consists of two nouns or pronouns joined by with or as well as”

Example:

  • First noun
  • Second noun
  • Singular verb
  1. Peter, with his friends, has bought some cakes for the party
  2. John as well as Kate has gone to the beach

“The verb is singular:

  • When two or more singular subjects are connected by ‘or’ or ‘nor”’
  • When two singular subjects are connected by ‘either…’ or ‘neither…nor’”

“The verb is singular

  • Two or more singular subjects are connected by ‘or’ or ‘nor’
  • Two singular subjects are connected by ‘either…or’ or ‘neither…nor’”

Example

  1. Peter, John or Cynthia plays football well

(Singular subject)     (Singular verb)

“If two subjects connected by ‘either…or’ or ‘neither…nor’ are of different persons, then we use the verb that agrees with the subject nearest to it”.

Example

  • Subject nearest
  • Subject not nearest
  • Plural verb

1. Either Peter or his sisters are singing

“In sentences beginning with ‘here’ and ‘there’, the subject is placed after the verb”

  • Subject
  • Verb

1.There are pencils and books

“The verb is singular if the sentence begins with:

Each    everybody   somebody   nobody    anyone    anybody   everyone    someone     no one”

Example

  • Singular verb

1. Each of the boys has football                

“The verb is singular if the sentence begins with much, a little”

Example

  • Subject
  • Singular verb
  • Verb phrase

1.Much of this article has been reviewed

“The verb is plural if the sentence begins with many, a few, several”

Example

  • Subject
  • Plural verb
  • Verb phrase

1.A few of my colleagues are coming to visit me

Note: in finding the subject, the noun or pronoun is usually next to the verb

Example

  • Verb
  • Subject
  1. The boy ran to the market
  2. She came to my house
  3. Cynthia went to her brothers house

Wow… I trust we all charged with these. Now it’s time for practice

Let’s see how charged we are

1.What is subject-verb?

            A subject-verb is when a verb must agree with the subject

2. What are the conditions that the subject will have to agree with the verb?

           In number and in person

3. What is singular verb?

           Singular verb has ‘s’ at the end (more than one)

4. What is singular subject

         Singular subject has no‘s’ at the end (just one)

5. What is plural verb?

         Plural verb has no‘s’ at the end (just one)

6. What is a plural subject?

        Plural subject has‘s’ at the end (more than one)

7. Give examples of singular verb and singular subject

       Singular verb (drinks, eats, falls) and Singular subject (boy, girl, teacher)

8. Give examples of plural verb and plural subjects

       Plural verb (drink, eat, fall) and Plural subjects (boys, girls, teachers)

Identify the subject verb in the following sentences

  • Plural subject
  • Plural verb
  • Singular subject
  • Singular verb
  1. The boy sings
  2. The grass grows
  3. The bird eats
  4. The trees fall
  5. The children eat
  6. The goats eat grass
  7. The stars shine

So lovelies that’s how far we can go on this topic.

This topic needs deep concentration and tactics for maximum understanding. However it’s not impossible to understand. Just follow the rules and the basic principle and BOOM!… you will get it. I really I appreciate your visit so far…it’s encouraging.

 

 

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