IELTS |Verb mood: Types, Examples, Benefits


We have various forms of a verb in IELTS English. These are

  • The verb type
  • The verb voice
  • The verb mood

Before we get into our main focus of the day which is verb mood, let’s get to know about the other forms verb

What Is A Verb?

A verb is an action word

There are two types of verb

  • Linking verb
  • Action verb


The linking verb is the main verb that shows a state of being.


Subject verb object

John is a lecturer

Linking verbs usually link information to the subject

From the above example; the linking verb “is” links information about the subject John. It’s passing information that John is a lecturer


Action verbs are very easy to identify. They include words such as Climb, Jug etc

Action verbs are either transitive or intransitive. Only transitive verbs need an object to complete a sentence.


When you say-

Subject verb object

Paul climbed

The above sentence is incomplete until an object is added to it such as

Subject verb object

Paul climbed thetree

Intransitive verbs don’t necessarily need an object to complete them. They are already complete without an object


Subject verb

She drank

They ran


In my last class I talked about verb voice, where I said there two types of voice

  • The passive voice
  • The active voice

Well, we can always refresh…Just a little flash back on that topic.

An active voice has the subject which performs the action


Subject verb object

My mother cooked thefood

In the above sentence, the mother is doing the cooking (she is performing the action)

In the passive voice, the subject is acted upon


Subject verb object

The food was cooked by my mother

For more of this, you refer to my previous lesson on this….


The mood of a verb shows or reflects the condition/status of an action. It reflects the attitude of the speaker toward what has been written.

Mood is one of the various ways in which we can talk about the verb and in a verb mood; we consider the tense, aspect and voice.

The tense talks about when things happen, (it can be in the present tense, past tense or future tense) the aspect talks about how long it will happen (the duration) of it happening while the voice talks about if it is active or passive.

Types of verb mood

  • Indicative verb mood
  • Imperative verb mood
  • Subjunctive verb mood

Let’s take them one after the other

Indicative Verb Mood

The indicative verb mood talks about facts, beliefs and questions. It is used to ask a question and make a statement. They are commonly used by many people and that’s why they are popular in our everyday use of English. The statements are either negative or positive. Makes most use of tenses.


Did she buy the bread?

He sews clothes

Has he eaten today?

God helps His children

It is raining

Imperative Verb Mood

The imperative verb mood shows a commanding and demanding statement. It sometimes have an implied subject (you)


(You) Goand fetch water

(You) Goto the market

(You) Washthe spoon for me

(You) Closethat door

(You) Bebold

(You) Stopwalking

(You) Takethat

Subjunctive Verb Mood

The subjunctive verb mood is hypothetical and acts contrary to facts. It is usually characterized by guessing, unfounded opinions (speculative). It’s also used to make a wish. It is used in making command and request in a sentence (here, the base form of a verb is needed). They are usually replaced by modals such as could, should, would, were. Subjunctive usually make use of “if” or “I wish”.


  1. If I was the carpenter

Ans: If I were the carpenter

  1. If you are a flavor, you will be a pineapple

Ans: If you were a flavor, you would be a pineapple

  1. God helps his children

Ans: God help his children

Okay! Let’s do a little practice… I know you will get it

Change the sentences into a subjunctive verb

  1. Nigeria is better if corruption stops

Nigeria would be better if corruption stops

  1. If I don’t look well, I will fall

If I hadn’t looked well, I would have fallen

  1. The principal wants every student in the classroom

The principal requires that every student be in the classroom

  1. My sister wishes she was older

My sister wishes she were older

  1. Whatever her wishes are

Whatever her wish may be

  1. It is important that you are ready

It is important that you be ready

  1. If I was your teacher, I will give you a pass mark

If I were your teacher, I would give you a pass mark

  1. If I was hungry, I will eat your bread

If I were hungry, I would eat your bread

  1. I suggest you go there tomorrow

I suggest you be there tomorrow

  1. My brother wishes he attends the meeting

My brother wishes he attend the meeting

Now you can try this in the comment box….Good luck!

Give two examples each of

  1. Indicative verb mood
  2. Imperative verb mood
  3. Subjunctive verb mood

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